There are 267 languages in Australia (many being Aboriginal languages.) Of those, 234 are living languages, 2 are second languages without mother tongue speakers, and 31 are extinct. The Australian English language is the most common and has a formal style as well as a colloquial style. Australia still has a formal style in writing while it sustains an informal style in speaking. In the history of the Australian English language, the language has its own background when compared to American English. Australian English is younger than American and its history is different and less complex. There has been no Australian Declaration of Independence like in America. However, Australian English has not moved as far from British English as American had in the period. In the greater part of Australia, the vocabulary is still Standard English (Hansford 67).
The English language in Australia is distinguished. Australian English is a bit different from other countries that use English as an everyday speech. Australians have their own styles and characters in using the language, vocabulary, pronunciation and accent. In addition, they have their own slang words when they speak in their groups, and women and men also have their language as well. Though Australians speak English, they have their own special words and phrases called strine. Australian Strine consists of words and phrases which have different meanings from other English (like American or British English). It also consists of words that the Australians have either made up theirselves, or they have borrowed from Aborigine words or from slang used by early settlers (Rickard 132-150).
Like most cultures, Australia has its own share of slang words, metaphors, and phrases that distinguish its identity from other English speaking countries.
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